Skincare 101 - How To Exfoliate

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Hey there BKFam,

Have you ever wondered why babies have such soft and smooth skin 👶🏻? Our skin replaces the cells with new skin cells every 27 days and as we age this process gets slower. These dead skin needs to be removed from the face in order to keep it glowy ✨and healthy.

What is Exfoliation

Exfoliation is the process of removing old dead skin cells from the outer layer of the skin. The excess dead skin in the face can result in dullness, dryness, patchiness, flakiness, uneven skin tone, and clogged skin tone.

It is essential for you to exfoliate your skin two to three times a week 📅. Skin exfoliation also helps with a good and flawless application of makeup. Exfoliation also helps with the absorption of moisture, as the layering of dead skins might prevent the moisturizers from properly absorbing into the skin.

To exfoliate the skin there are so many products available in the market. We already have mentioned the need for exfoliation several times. Today we are going to explain A to Z about exfoliating your skin 😎. So let’s begin.

Types of Exfoliation

The exfoliators are mainly of three types. They are:

  • Physical Exfoliation
  • Chemical Exfoliation
  • Enzyme Exfoliation

Physical Exfoliation

The physical exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells using a physical granular substance or using any exfoliation tool. Face scrubs are one of the main example of physical exfoliators.

How does a physical exfoliator remove the dead skin cells ? 🧐 The tiny granules in the exfoliating product scrub away the dead skin cells accumulated on the top of the skin.

There are different other physical exfoliating treatments such as dermaplaning, microdermabrasion, hydrafacial, etc. If you are too lazy 😴 to go to a salon and get it done then you can use any tools like the Foreo or the Clarisonic brush.

If we talk about the bad side of physical exfoliators then for a strong skin it might work fine but for a delicate skin type exfoliating too much can cause micro-tearing on the skin. When using physical exfoliators it is important that you don’t over-exfoliate it 🙅🏻‍♀️.

Things to keep in mind when using physical exfoliators are:

  • Do not exfoliate under your eyes
  • Don’t put too much pressure when exfoliating
  • Don’t exfoliate for too long
  • If you have sensitive skin then don’t exfoliate too much
  • Only exfoliate 2 to 3 times a week

Chemical Exfoliation

The chemical exfoliators are acids that react with the skin and remove dead skin from the skin, excess oil from the skin and make the skin look even-toned. Chemical exfoliation is the best way to exfoliate your skin as it doesn’t cause any tearing or damaging to the skin texture 👍🏻.

For chemical exfoliation, the two main type acids we use are the AHA’s and BHA’s. The AHAs and BHA’s are seen in many of our daily products like face washes, serums, toners, masks, peels even in our moisturizers.


The AHA or alpha hydroxy acid is a water-soluble acid that helps to exfoliate the upper layer of the skin. The AHAs are derived from the sugary fruits 🍎 and they help to make the skin even-toned and smooth. Not only that, but they are also used for treating hyperpigmentation, age spots, scars, enlarged pores, fine lines, and wrinkles.

Keep in mind if you are starting out with AHA’s start with once a week then slowly work your way up. Don’t use it more than 3 times a week 🚫. Slowly building up the AHA might help with preventing irritations and side effects as that way the skin might get used to the product.

If you wanna know about how to use them then no matter which AHA you use, it is important that you should use a maximum concentration between 10 and 15 %. Since exfoliating can cause sensitivity to the skin so always use sunscreen every morning to prevent getting 🌞 sunburned.

There are different types of AHAs are :

  • Glycolic acid - Glycolic acid is the most common type of AHA which is derived from the sugar cane plant. It has antimicrobial properties that help with acne and breakouts. And it is widely seen in many skin peels and exfoliators.
  • Lactic acid - Unlike many other AHAs, lactic acid is derived from lactose milk 🥛. It not only exfoliates your skin it also has anti aging properties
  • Tartaric acid - Tartaric acid is one of the AHA that is not that widely used. Tartaric acid is basically derived from grape seeds 🍇. It not only helps to exfoliate but also helps to prevent acne and sun damage.
  • Citric acid - As the name suggests citric acids are derived from the citrus fruits 🍋 🍊. They have so many benefits like balancing the skin’s pH level, even out the skin patches, it also helps with the sunscreen to increase the sun protection.
  • Malic acid - Malic acid is basically made from the 🍏 apple acids. As compared to other AHAs, malic acid by itself isn’t that effective. Although mixed with other acids, it is more effective.
  • Mandelic acid - Mandelic acids are derived from 🥜 almond extracts. It has amazing exfoliating properties when mixed with other acids. And it can be used alone for improving skin texture and minimizing pore size.


BHA's or Beta Hydroxy acids are oil soluble. As compared to AHA's, BHA's can get deep into the pores to remove dead skin cells and excess sebum. BHA’s are also used for preventing sun damage and acne 🤩. Since they can get deep into the pores and remove dead skin and excess oil they help to unclog the pores so it is best for combination to oily skin types. Lower concentrations of BHA’s can be used to calm the skin 😇 if you have rosacea or redness.

There are two types of BHA they are:

  • Salicylic acid - Salicylic acid is the most commonly used BHA. It is mainly used as an acne treatment and for calming the skin from redness and inflammation. The concentration of the salicylic acid that can be used on the face ranges from .5 to 5 percentage 🌟.

  • Citric acid - Citric acid is not only an AHA it is also a BHA rather than just balancing the skin pH citric acid also can remove the excess sebum from the pores.

Layering AHA and BHA

Layering both AHA and BHA to the skin have many benefits such as increased collagen production that can make your skin look plump. Even though using them together can cause dryness and patchiness. So the best way to get the goodness of both is to use them on alternative days 🤓. If you are looking for a product that contains the goodness of both then the best product we can recommend to you is the Ordinary peeling solution.

Enzyme Exfoliation

Enzyme exfoliation is actually a type of chemical exfoliant. Although they are more gentle than chemical exfoliants. What they do is that they break down the oil that holds the dead skins together.

This type of exfoliation is best 💛 if you have really sensitive skin and if you are suffering from breakouts, uneven skin tone, and clogged pores.

The enzyme exfoliation basically uses active ingredients like papain, papaya, and pineapple 🍍 enzymes that helps with exfoliation They also use comfrey and cornstarch to help with soothing the skin .

Hope this helps you. Don't be a stranger, Come Join our BeautyKloudFam 🤗 and be sure to post your comments and questions in the group.

Keep Shining 🌻 🌞... Adios 👋...

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